“Maxillofacial Prosthodontics” or maxillofacial prosthetics is a particular branch of dentistry that treats congenital and acquired defects (e.g. traumatic injuries and cancers) of the head and neck regions. It involves rehabilitation, managing, replacement and restoration of lost or missing structures and functions of maxillofacial defects or disabilities. The objectives of maxillofacial prosthetics include the restoration of esthetics or cosmetic appearance and conserving maxillofacial functions as well as psychological therapy. Maxillofacial prosthetics collaboratively integrates multiple disciplines including prosthetic dentistry (prosthodontics), head and neck oncology, plastic surgery and other related disciplines.
Prostheses, with wide range of materials, are made to replace damaged teeth, lost bone, or soft tissue. Maxillofacial prosthetics might be highly indicated in these following conditions:
- Congenital abnormalities such as birth defects, anotia (external baby’s ear is missing completely at birth), cleft lip and cleft palate.
- Lost or damaged maxillofacial organs after traumatic injuries.
- Lost or damaged maxillofacial organs caused by cancers
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