Diagnosis Dangers If Left Untreated
The doctor will look closely at the patient’s skin to determine whether he/she has a pressure ulcer and how bad the damage is. The patient’s general health, wound location, and bowel/bladder function are also important information.
The first step in treating a bedsore is reducing the pressure and friction that caused it. Treating pressure ulcers also involves caring for the wounds, controlling pain, preventing infection and maintaining good nutrition.
- Reducing pressure – Change the patient’s positions every two hours. Patient’s head should be placed at 30 degree angle. For side-lying position, the angle should be around 30-45 degree.
- Cleaning and dressing wounds – Care for pressure ulcers depends on how deep the wound is. The doctor will consider which kind of dressing is the best by looking at the amount of discharge. The dressing creates a barrier against infection and keeps the surrounding skin dry.
- Removing damaged tissue – To heal properly, damaged, dead, or infected tissues need to be removed. This is called debridement. A large pressure sore that fails to heal might require surgery. A pad of the patient’s muscle, skin or other tissue can be used to cover the wound and cushion the affected bone.
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